A “Bail” is a cash deposit or pledge to a court in order to persuade it to release a suspect from jail, with the understanding that the suspect will return for trial or forfeit the bail (and possibly be brought up on charges of the crime of failure to appear).
A cash bond simply means that the accused must pay the full amount of their bail via cash, though some courts may also accept credit cards. Some judges set the cash bail at an extraordinarily high amount if they want to ensure that the accused stays in jail during their trial. This type of bond is often used when the judge deems the accused to be a flight risk or a danger to the public. If the accused does not appear in court for their pre-determined hearings, then they forfeit the bail and a warrant is issued for their arrest. If the defendant complies with the courts and attends all hearings, then the bail is returned to them after sentencing. Learn difference between cash bonds and surety bonds.
Misdemeanor bail refers to the type of bail necessary for a specific type of criminal offense. There are three categories of criminal offenses within the United States: infractions, misdemeanors, and felonies. Misdemeanor charges are typically filed on paper without the need for a hearing. The person accused of the crime is simply mailed court documents, ordering his or her presence in court on a specific day. This typically results in the accused being released on his or her “own recognizance” and formal bail being unnecessary. If the accused is held in jail before paperwork is filed, the stay is normally brief in comparison to more serious charges, before his or her issuance of the “promise to appear” citation. Whether a bail bond is required for misdemeanors will depend on the jurisdiction filing the charges and the plea.
A property bond uses a person’s personal possessions as a way to ensure bail payment. Usually, this involves larger items such as a car, house, or other property. The court then places a lien, or a claim, on the property. Skipped court appearances can mean that the courts can possess these items and force the accused to forfeit ownership in order to cover the cost of bail. Using one’s property as a way to pay bail should be considered very carefully and used only as a last resort. Losing a home, vehicle, or land can cause financial misery well after the accused’s legal troubles are over.
A Bail Bond Harris County covers many felony bonds. The judge determines whether to grant bond and in what amount. In some cases, the defendant is released on personal recognizance, which means he or she does not have to pay bond. If he or she is ordered to pay bond, the defendant must post the ordered amount with the court before he or she is released. The judge may also impose additional conditions on the defendant’s release. This may include surrendering weapons, not leaving the jurisdiction or not contacting the victim.
A surety bond is a also called bail bond. These bonds are often used when the accused is ordered to pay the bond that is set by the officiating judge. A friend or relative contacts a bail agent, who is usually an employee of a surety company, which is a type of insurance company. These agents, or bondsmen, will appear in court with the accused and pledge to pay the full amount of money if the accused person does not make it to their court appearances. The bondsman will then charge the accused or the accused’s relatives a certain premium and may hold some larger personal possessions as collateral. If the accused does not make their court appearances, or the relative does not or cannot pay back the bondsman, there may be severe repercussions depending on the accused’s local jurisdiction. They could face being tracked down by bounty hunters, who will take a percentage of the bond amount in return for turning in the accused to the authorities.
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